The Currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound and it is divided into 100 piaster. In Arabic it is called GENAEH. At present $ 1 dollar is equivalent to 7.5 Egyptian pounds (average)
Most of the major credit cards, such as American Express, MasterCard are generally accepted in various hotels and shops.
Scottish pounds, Irish punts, and New Zealand dollars etc. as they are not accepted in Egypt
If you at any where during your visit, run out of money, and your credit cards are not accepted, you still can get money wired to you from abroad by Western Union branches. It is a quick solution.
Most tourists to Egypt can obtain an entry visa at any of the major airports or ports of entry. All foreigners arriving in Egypt should have a valid passport (with at least 6 months left before expiry) to get an entry visa.
The visa can also be obtained from Egyptian Diplomatic and Consular Missions abroad,
Obtain visa Pre-arrival visa Western European Western European North Korea Asian citizens Australian and Newzeland All African USA and Canadian Palestine, Iraq, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Somalia, Sudan, and Mauritania South American Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Yemen, Geboti, Syria, Oman, Qatar, and Libya
Winter begins from December till the end of February. The weather during these months is sunny with low temperature and sometimes it rains heavily but not every day, you can bring a jacket or coat but it’s not as cold as some other countries & there isn’t snow falls in Egypt so no need to worry about how heavy your clothes are.
Spring begins from begins from March to May. It’s the favorite time for all Egyptians to go out in the amazing weather and enjoy the sun. You can basically wear anything and you can get a light jacket to wear at night.
Summer begins from June to August and it is the time of traveling and going to beaches for Egyptians. They escape the hot weather by traveling to coastal cities like: Hurghada, Sharm el Sheikh, North Coast and Alexandria. Summer in Egypt is not tropical as many countries, the temperature ranges between 37C and 42C. Travel clothing should be light and comfortable, 100% cotton clothing is the best for that time.
Autumn begins from September to November the weather in autumn is not stable. You can find a cold day and a hot day but mostly it’s dusty and unstable so expect anything within these months but you won’t need a heavy jacket.
When visiting Egypt don’t drink the tap water, As it is highly chlorinated. However, this water is only safe to drink if you got used to it, and if you are willing to live in Egypt for a long time; then it should be ok. This doesn’t mean that the tap water is polluted; it simply means that you are not used to it, and you might get stomach problems. The same situation is in some other countries just like Spain as an example.
Egypt Most famous cities
The capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means “the victorious city”. It is located on both banks of the River Nile near the head of the river’s delta in northern Egypt and has been settled for more than 6000 years, serving as the capital of numerous Egyptian civilizations. Cairo is known locally as “Misr”, the Arabic name for Egypt, because of its centrality in Egyptian life.
Greater Cairo is Covered three parts of Egypt, the north Eastern part is known as KALIOBIA, the west bank part is known as GIZA where the Great Pyramids, Sakkara step Pyramid and Memphis the old capital is located and the eastern and south eastern parts are known as CAIRO where the Egyptian Museum where located.
Alexandria, the city created by Alexander the Great in 333BCE and with a history very different from any of the other cities in Egypt. When this famous Macedonian was en route to visit the Oracle Temple of Amun at the Siwa oasis he stopped overnight at the village of “Re-qdt” (its Greek name is “Racotis”) between the Mediterranean Sea and the Lake of Marriott (its location today is the area of Tel Bab Sadrah or Karmouz). Alexander decided that this was to be the spot where a great city would be built and charged one of his architects, Dinocratis, to build it.
He continued on to Siwa, to consult the oracle about his destiny and then left Egypt to fight the Persians in Asia. Sadly it is not known what the Oracle told Alexander, but it is generally believed that Oracle told him that he will be a great leader. Alexander the great died without seeing the city that carries his name.
Located in Upper Egypt Luxor has been described as the world’s biggest open air museum. Nowadays it has been elevated to the status of Governorate, It is one of the most popular destinations in Egypt, being one of those places that you must see.
It has been estimated that Luxor contains about a third of the most valuable monuments and antiquities in the whole world, which makes it one of this planet’s most important tourism sites. Monuments such as The Luxor Temple, Karnak Temple, the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens, Deir El-Bahri (the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut), the workers village at Deir El-Medina, the list goes on and on and on. Though most visitors will stay for just a few days, it would take a substantial amount of time to visit everything in this amazing town.
Once known as Thebes, Luxor’s importance in ancient Egyptian history cannot be denied. It was the religious capital for almost all of the Pharaonic period which is why the town is dominated by the two temples; The Temple of Luxor, and the immense Temple of Karnak; the world’s largest temple complex.
Though it was never the capital of a united Egypt, Thebes was capital of Upper Egypt during the times when Egypt Today Luxor is split into two, by the River Nile, and these two areas are known as the East Bank (where the town lies) and the West Bank. Though this was also true in ancient times, the two parts were called the city of the living (East Bank) and the city of the dead (West Bank). Like most of the River Nile, the western side tends to be more desert, with the eastern side having far more arable land, and so settlement sites tended to favour this latter side.
Luxor is situated 670Km (416 miles) to the south of Cairo, 220Km (137 miles) to the north of Aswan, and 280Km (174 miles) to the west of Hurghada. It is the second most popular place to visit in Egypt, behind Cairo, and is accessible in a number of ways.
Egypt’s 3rd largest city which is situated at the foot of the Nile Valley to the North end of Lake Nasser. It is a major mining area for aluminum and iron as well as also being one of the favorite places for tourists to visit due to it being a major stop for cruise boats; for the River Nile as well as Lake Nasser. It has a local market that is an excellent place to do your holiday shopping; this is especially true if you want spices as you will find the best types of fresh spices here.
Aswan is capital of its own Governorate which has a population of about 1.2 million people. Most of these are Nubians, and local tribes of Kenzo.
The city became very important after the construction of the High Dam as it became a refuge for those Nubians who chose to flee to Egypt after the waters flooded their homelands, as well as becoming the worldwide rescue campaign of the Nubian monuments during and after its construction.
Aswan’s name is derived from the ancient Egyptian word “Swan”, which means “the market”! This is because it was located on the main trade route between Egypt and the southern lands; with gold, slaves and ivory passing into Egypt. The governors of the 6th Dynasty sent many expeditions to explore the many African countries located to the south, and most of these started from Aswan. It was also the major source of granite, sandstone and quartzite used in the construction of the various monuments throughout Egypt.
Aswan is situated 890Km (553 miles) to the south of Cairo and 220Km (137 miles) to the south of Luxor. It is the third most popular place to visit in Egypt, behind Cairo and Luxor, and is accessible in a number of ways.
SHARM EL SHIEKH:
In an unparalleled success compared to any other city in Egypt and maybe the whole region, Sharm El Sheikh was awarded by the United Nations Educational, Science, and Cultural Organization, the UNESCO, as the finest city in the world for peace and beauty.
Sharm El Sheikh has hosted many international peace conferences with the participation of many parties.
Moreover, after the signing of the Camp David Peace Agreement between Anwar El Sadat, the former President of Egypt, and the Israeli authorities in 1978, Sharm El Sheikh has guided all its political, economical, and touristic capabilities to support peace in the whole region.
On the other hand, after Egypt regained control over the city of Sharm El Sheikh in 1982, the Egyptian authorities have given special attention to the city to make it one of the most wonderful resort that has become famous all around the world with tourists coming from Europe, the United States, and all the regions of the globe to spend their holiday in the city of peace.
Sharm El Shiekh one of the most beautiful cities in Egypt and has a marvilose atmospher for the divers and many other excurstions could be arrange.
The city of Hurghada is another major tourist attraction in Egypt. This city draws more than 2.5 million visitors every year, and yields more than 3 billion dollars to Egypt’s economy.
Hurghada is located on the Red Sea coast, almost 550 Km from Cairo. Egyptian’s used to call it Ghardaka, from which the name of the city was derived.
Hurghada stretches for about 60 Km along the Red Sea coast, and has more than 80,000 inhabitants: mostly immigrants from Upper Egypt, seeking investment and work opportunities in the this newly developed sea resort. Hurghada today has more than 170 hotels and it is still developing.
Hurghada and the Red Sea coast enjoy a very moderate weather throughout the year, making it an ideal place for sea sports. Average temperature from March to November ranges from 26C to 29C, and in the hottest summer months the temperature can reach 33C. Water temperature is also very moderate, which makes it possible to practice diving throughout the year.
Expected Distances Between Major Cities In Egypt
Cairo to Abu Simbel 1264 KM Cairo to Nuweiba 670 KM Cairo to Alamein 304 KM Cairo to Port Said 220 KM Cairo to Alexandria 221 KM Cairo to Ras El Bar 204 KM Cairo to Aswan 982 KM Cairo to Rashid 263 KM Cairo to Bahariya Oasis 334 KM Cairo to Safaga 569 KM Cairo to Baltim 201 KM Cairo to Sharm El Sheikh 500 KM Cairo to Dahab 610 KM Cairo to Siwa Oasis 617 KM Cairo to Dakhla Oasis 750 KM Cairo to St. Catherine 392 KM Cairo to El Arish 306 KM Cairo to Suez 134 KM Cairo to El Quseir 654 KM Aswan to Abu Simbel 270 KM Cairo to Fayoum 103 KM Hurghada to Aswan 468 KM Cairo to Hurghada 530 KM Hurghada to El Gouna 20 KM Cairo to Ismailia 140 KM Hurghada to El Quseir 130 KM Cairo to Kharga Oasis 600 KM Hurghada to Luxor 240 KM Cairo to Luxor 721 KM Hurghada to Marsa Alam 265 KM Cairo to Marsa Alam 789 KM Hurghada to Safaga 65 KM Cairo to Marsa Matruh 490 KM Hurghada to Soma Bay 40 KM Cairo to Mina 241 KM Luxor to Aswan 228 KM